Speech disorders are common in stroke patients, as a result of physical damage to the brain. Injuries to the left side of the brain can cause stuttering and slurred speech. Damaged areas on the right side affect articulation, which is the ability to correctly pronounce words. Damage to both sides can lead to difficulty with pronunciation and word retrieval.
Little information is available about exercises for speech therapy that can be performed at home by stroke patients who have suffered left- or right-sided brain damage. The purpose of this article is to describe exercises that should be performed by stroke patients at home as part of their recovery program.
Stroke patients often suffer from aphasia, or the inability to speak. Speech-language pathologists are experts in using therapy to help stroke patients overcome this disability.
Strokes can take away your ability to move parts of your body, but they can’t take away your brain. Strokes do not affect brain cells permanently; rather, they interrupt brain activity for a short time. It is vital that stroke patients return to therapy as quickly as possible after their stroke.
The purpose of speech and language therapy exercises is to teach stroke patients new ways of communicating, through practice and repetition. These exercises can also help with memory loss and other cognitive issues that may occur after a stroke. Speech-language pathologists work together with patients’ families and caretakers to make sure the patient gets the best care possible.
Stroke occurs when there is an interruption or restriction of blood flow to the brain. This causes damage to the brain tissue as a result of lack of oxygen. When brain tissue dies because it lacks oxygen, it is typically replaced by scar tissue. This scar tissue can cause difficulty with written and verbal communication.
A stroke may occur in certain parts of the brain that control speech, language, and auditory functions; however, there are other areas in which these functions are controlled that may not be affected by a stroke. This means that a person who has experienced a stroke may be able to regain some or all of their ability to talk and understand what others are saying despite damage caused by a stroke in another area of his or her brain.
Speech and language therapy exercises for stroke patients help to improve the person’s ability to speak, understand, read, and write. There are many different types of stroke patients, so each patient will have a different set of therapy exercises that they need depending on their condition. Speech and language therapists measure the patient’s progress through a series of tests and observation. The therapist will then make adjustments to the exercises as needed or take note of any progress in their notes.
Stroke can have devastating effects on the individual’s ability to communicate. The right speech and language therapy exercises can, however, help the stroke patient recover to the extent that they are able to communicate effectively in social situations. These exercises are aimed at improving the patient’s fluency, as well as their clarity of speech and speech intelligibility.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 5 million Americans live with a stroke every year. Of those patients, one out of three will experience some level of debilitating speech loss. Fortunately, stroke patients can recover their ability to communicate freely through speech therapy. Speech therapy consists of exercises that help stroke survivors relearn how to use their voices and speak clearly.
The therapy is especially helpful in cases where the patient was breathing through their mouth during the stroke, which can cause an improper flow of air out of the lungs and result in mumbled speech or trouble pronouncing certain sounds. The exercises help to correct that issue by working on proper airflow and coordination. The goal is to increase the patient’s ability to say all the sounds required for clear speech in everyday conversation, so they can interact with others again in a way that feels natural.