Some people who benefit from speech therapy include those with autism, hearing loss, stuttering and other fluency issues, neurological disorders including stroke or traumatic brain injury, developmental delays, and cognitive impairments.
SLPs also assist with swallowing disorders (dysphagia) and can help patients modify their eating habits so that they do not choke or have difficulty swallowing food or liquids, which can lead to aspiration pneumonia or other complications. SLPs may also work with caregivers of patients to teach them how to properly feed an individual who has dysphagia.
Treatment may include exercises for the face and mouth to help strengthen muscles used in speech production. In some cases, a device may be recommended that is worn in the mouth to improve articulation. Speech-generating devices are available for individuals who are unable to speak due to developmental disabilities or certain neurological conditions such as ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis).
Speech therapy can help a person improve their verbal communication skills, which are important in several areas of life. These include work, school, and social situations.
Speech therapy may be recommended if you have trouble doing any of the following: producing speech sounds correctly or fluently (such as stuttering) speaking clearly so that people can understand you using your voice in a socially appropriate way (such as shouting) reading or writing
SLPs must complete a master’s degree program in speech-language pathology, and it is recommended that they also have some experience working with patients in a clinical setting. Upon graduation from their master’s program, SLPs must pass a national exam administered by the American Speech-Language Hearing Association (ASHA).
It was once common for SLPs to undergo additional training after they were hired. This is no longer the case; most SLPs now complete a one-year clinical fellowship year in addition to their master’s degree program before being hired as an independent practitioner.
A speech disorder refers to a problem with the actual production of sounds, whereas a language disorder refers to a difficulty understanding or putting words together to communicate ideas. A child may have a speech disorder related to articulation, phonological processes, verbal dyspraxia, fluency, or voice. A child may have a language disorder related to receptive (understanding) or expressive (putting words together) language.
If your child has any problems communicating, it’s important for them to be evaluated by an SLP. Some children with speech and language problems have other developmental delays or disorders. An SLP will be able to help diagnose and treat the issue, whether it is “just” a speech delay or if there are other concerns present.
Speech-language pathologists, or SLPs, work with patients who have difficulty producing speech sounds or cannot produce speech sounds at all. They may also work with patients who have voice disorders that affect the pitch, volume, or quality of the sound they produce.
Speech therapists are responsible for the assessment and treatment of communication problems and speech disorders. They work with people who have difficulties with their speech, language, and communication. Speech therapists work in various settings, including hospitals, therapy centers, schools, nursing homes and private practices.
Speech therapists work with their patients in a variety of different settings, including schools, hospitals, nursing homes, rehabilitation centers, private practices, and even in the patient’s own home. The setting varies based on the nature of the problem being treated and the patient’s needs.
This type of therapy is usually done with children who have difficulty speaking or cannot speak at all due to a variety of causes, such as brain injury, hearing loss, developmental delay, cerebral palsy, autism spectrum disorder and Down syndrome. Communication can be verbal or nonverbal, and includes talking, listening, understanding language, reading, writing and gesturing. Speech disorders refer to problems with articulation (how sounds and words are formed) or fluency (the flow of speech). Common articulation disorders include lisps, while stuttering is an example of a fluency disorder.