Inclusive education is a philosophy that is based on the principle that students should be educated in general education classrooms, with their peers, and with appropriate supports to help them access the curriculum. It is also known as inclusive schooling or mainstreaming.
The goal of inclusive education is to build capacity in schools and communities for all children to learn together. Inclusive education has been shown to benefit both students with disabilities and those without.
Inclusive education means that all students in a school, regardless of any challenges they may have, are placed in age-appropriate general education classes that are in their own neighborhood schools to the maximum extent possible. Students with disabilities are included in state and district-wide assessments and have access to the general education curriculum. Students who need additional supports and services are provided with them within the general education setting, as needed.
Inclusive education is about the right of students with a disability to access and participate in the same education as other students. At its heart, inclusive education is about accepting and valuing every student as a person first, and then building on their strengths as learners.
Inclusive education is a way to educate students with and without disabilities in the same classroom. In an inclusive classroom, students are taught together, not in separate classrooms or schools. The goal of inclusive education is for students with and without disabilities to learn from each other, as well as from their teachers.
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) states that all children have the right to an education, including those with disabilities. The Convention recognizes that education is vital for children with disabilities to develop to their full potential and participate fully in society. It is also important for their families and communities.
Inclusive education is a way of thinking about how we organize our schools, classrooms, programs and activities so that all students learn and participate together. Inclusive education means that all students attend and are welcomed by their neighbourhood schools in age-appropriate, regular classes and are supported to learn, contribute and participate in all aspects of the life of the school.
Inclusive education means teachers working together with other staff in the classroom can meet the needs of ALL students. Inclusive education recognizes that each student brings unique experiences and needs into classrooms so teachers must adapt instruction to meet these different needs.
Inclusive Education respects diversity among students including language, culture, gender identity or expression, sexual orientation, ability/disability and family structure.
Inclusive education is the most effective way to ensure that children of all abilities can receive a quality education. Through inclusive classrooms and well-trained teachers, students with special needs can be supported in the classroom and given opportunities to learn alongside their peers.
The challenge in practicing inclusive education is integrating students with special needs into mainstream classrooms while giving them the support they need to succeed. The following resources will help teachers learn how they can build and maintain an inclusive classroom.
Inclusive education means that all students attend and are welcomed by their neighbourhood schools in age-appropriate, regular classes and are supported to learn, contribute and participate in all aspects of the life of the school. Inclusive schools strive to organize programs and services that support the success of every student.
Teaching staff are encouraged to employ a variety of instructional techniques that meet the individual needs of all students. The implementation of Universal Design for Learning (UDL) is one such strategy widely used by teachers. UDL is a framework for designing curriculum, assessment and learning environments that enables all individuals to gain knowledge, skills and enthusiasm for learning.
Inclusive Education has been a topic of concern for many in the education community. There is a wide range of topics that are discussed under the umbrella term of Inclusive Education. Here we will focus our attention on the concept of Universal Design for Learning (UDL) and how it can be used to achieve the goals of inclusion.
The idea of including all students in a general education setting is not new. The Individuals with Disability Education Act (IDEA), which was put into law in 1990, sought to include all students in general education settings rather than placing them in special education settings. This act has gone through many revisions over the years and is now known as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA 2004).
Many teachers struggle with including all students in their classroom because they do not know where to start. UDL provides a framework that allows teachers to understand how students learn, and how to best accommodate them in inclusive settings.
Inclusive education is not an approach or method but rather an overarching idea that influences curricular modifications, instructional techniques, and classroom management strategies. It is also important to note that inclusive education does not only apply to children with disabilities, but rather all students who may be different or unique in any way — including socio-economic status, race, ethnicity, gender identity, religion, sexual orientation, etc.
Inclusive education does not involve placing students with disabilities into classrooms and then teaching them in exactly the same way as all other students—this would be impossible since this would mean ignoring the special learning needs of these students.